Perfectionism: The Focus on Flawless
perfectionism | July 16, 2018 | Pennsylvania Counseling Services
If you answered yes to some of these questions, you may be influenced by one of the most common destructive mindsets in our society: perfectionism.
What is perfectionism?
Perfectionism is an obsession with achieving flawless performances and results. It expresses itself in many forms, but the most prevalent sign of perfectionism is an overemphasis on performance, success and achievement. To a perfectionist, average is not acceptable, and excellence is the only satisfactory option.
What causes perfectionism?
A perfectionist usually puts a lot of thought and focus into their self-esteem. Many times, a perfectionist has experienced some degree of damage to their self-esteem in the past. From being picked on in grade school to feeling the pressure to compete with the accomplishments set by someone else, perfectionism builds its foundation when a person feels the need to push themselves to become better.
The obsession to perform and excel is driven by the person’s perception of who they are, physically or mentally. Past accomplishments aren’t enough to satisfy a perfectionist, and in some cases anxiety awakens as the perfectionist begins to build a never-ending list of the areas they’re falling short of perfect.
What’s the harm in perfectionism?
As a perfectionist continues to notice areas of insecurity or low self-esteem, they begin to feel a strong sense of shame and guilt about any part of their character, appearance or lifestyle that seems imperfect. As a result, they set high standards and expectations to try to fix these insecurities. They begin to set their goals and tasks based on their ideal self, or the person they believe they could be if they lived flawlessly.
Perfectionists believe their ideal self can accomplish almost anything, so they set idealistic goals, expecting their real self to find the drive to achieve these goals. The issue is no one can live flawlessly or be their ideal self all the time. And when a perfectionist fails to hold to their high expectations, they often experience depression, self-criticism or an overwhelming feeling of helplessness.
How can perfectionism be treated?
In order to overcome perfectionism, a perfectionist must address their core problem: a lack of self acceptance of who they truly are. The treatment process for perfectionism focuses strongly on working through the perfectionist’s internal shame and eventually accepting and affirming their real self—a perfectly limited and flawed person—just like everyone else in this world. For a perfectionist, accepting the reality that their ideal self is not who they truly are may be a painful process and sometimes requires professional help. The treatment process most likely involves several parts:
exploration of the traits that the perfectionist believes are imperfect and unacceptable
exploration of the roots of the perfectionist’s feelings of shame
rediscovery of the perfectionist’s real self—with acceptance and affirmation
identification and revision of the perfectionist’s unhealthy thought patterns
affirmation of the perfectionist’s real self through positive behavioral choices
“It’s great to be great, but it’s greater to be human.”